In reference to Porsche’s attempt to take over Volkswagen I believe it was overall a very cleaver plan* for a hostile takeover put in place by Wendelin Wiedeking CEO & Holger Härter CFO, which would have surely worked if the 2008 financial crisis didn’t happen. The credit crunch prevented Porsche to reach the 75% mark, which under German law would have given them full control over the company and access its cash flow, which was “the true essence of deal: domination and profit transfer.” Porsche was just 0,9% short of reaching they goal!
Timing was the main reason they didn’t achieve the hostile takeover, and perhaps the only thing they should have done differently was to have a contingency plan against a financial crisis! Tough luck.
* The plan consisted of purchasing VW stocks including the use of call options. In turn the profits generated by such operation financed the actual share purchase.